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Global Economy: Trade, Poverty, and Wealth [entries|friends|calendar]
Global Economy: Trade, Poverty, and Wealth

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[28 Mar 2005|08:37pm]
bryan7
DATABASE
http://www.dfat.gov.au/trade/negotiations/us.html
Overview of this Organization

The Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (AGDFAT) is responsible for the best interests of Australia and Australians internationally, by enhancing Australia's security which contributes to growth economically. The AGDFAT also aims to maintain employment and Australia's standard of living, while also helping to assist Australian travelers and Australians overseas by strengthening global cooperation.

Overview of this Web Site

This Australian-based website is factual and easy to navigate, but has a lot of information that can seem a little complex. There are many links to .PDF files that require the use of Adobe Acrobat. This website, although professional, does not seem tailor-made for the common, everyday web surfer, but appeals to those who have more training and knowledge of web-browser applications.

http://www.efta.int/
Overview of this Organization

EFTA was founded by the following seven countries: Austria, Denmark, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK. Finland joined in 1961, Iceland in 1970, and Liechtenstein in 1991. In 1973, the UK and Denmark left EFTA to join the EC. They were followed by Portugal in 1986 and by Austria, Finland and Sweden in 1995. Today the EFTA members are Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. The EFTA States are world leaders in various economic sectors such as petroleum, fish, pharmaceuticals, watches, machinery, financial services, maritime transport, etc.

Overview of this Web Site

The EFTA website is easy to read and presents great clarity on the topics surrounding their organization. However, the website itself seems a bit brief and could probably have more links and information regarding the EU and specific roles each individual country plays in trade negotiations and how each country's role relates to the big picture. Aside from that, I feel that this website is top-notch and very professional.

http://www.iatp.org/
Overview of this Organization

IATP works with organizations around the world to analyze how global trade agreements impact domestic farm and food policies. Alongside a global coalition, IATP maintains fair trade policies that promote strong health standards, labor and human rights, the environment and, most fundamentally, democratic institutions.

Overview of this Web Site

Of all the websites presented in this database, the IATP’s site is probably the best of them all. Graphically and structurally, this site is sound and presents tremendous clarity and resolve on the issues surrounding their organization. The site does an excellent job of making sure each link does not contain too much information that could make the site seem too wordy, while still getting their point and message across.

http://www.ftaa-alca.org/alca_e.asp
Overview of this Organization

The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) was established in 1949 and has 233 affiliated organizations in 154 countries. The ICFTU has three major regional organizations, APRO for Asia and the Pacific, AFRO for Africa, and ORIT for the Americas. It also maintains close links with the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) (which includes all ICFTU European affiliates) and Global Union Federations, which link together national unions from a particular trade or industry at international level.

Overview of this Web Site

While informative, the ICFTU website could use a major make-over. The site itself is somewhat blurry and hard on the eyes. Different text and font on the main homepage isn't very helpful either. Aside from its appearance, the website contains a lot of information that can be very useful and informative, that's if you're willing to read all of it. The site could probably stand to shorten their summaries and analysis for each link.

http://www.usitc.gov/
Overview of this Organization

The U.S. International Trade Commission is a federal agency that provides trade expertise to both the legislative and executive branches of government, determines the impact of imports on U.S. industries, and directs actions against certain unfair trade practices, such as patent, trademark, and copyright infringement. The International Trade Commission serves the public by implementing U.S. law and contributing to the development and implementation of sound and informed U.S. trade policy

Overview of this Web Site

The USITC has a very strong webpage that is strong and concise. The USITC site is not particularly appealing in terms of graphic design, but the site still does a solid job of informing their readers and viewers about the USITC and the role it plays. The site could possibly stand to enlarge the smaller font on the homepage, for it might be difficult for older people to read, and even harder to read for those with smaller screen resolution.
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[28 Mar 2005|05:45pm]

tommygunn87
[ mood | calm ]

http://www.pcusa.org/trade/ftaa.htm

This was a great site. It talked about the FTAA and NAFTA and compared the two to one another. It was a great site to see the differences and similarities that these two agreements have, while supporting their beliefs and statements with articles and documents. More so, not only does this website talk about the FTAA and NAFTA, but it also constantly refers to CAFTA and the WTO. Furthermore, concerning each of these agreements, they insert their own opinion. This website is obviously bias as they not only put in their own opinion, but speak against NAFTA. Any student that wants information against free trade in general should use this site as the website creator (a church) is clearly against free trade and they clearly state their position why. This site was useful but is noticeably bias, so watch out!

http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/FreeTrade.asp

This is another great site, however it is not updated daily. Therefore, information is sometimes a few weeks or month old, however it is still within the current year. This website not only covers the topic of free trade, but all issues pertaining to global economy and all aspects of free trade. More so, the creator of this website is one person so this website could be bias. Though, it seems that the majority of facts are true and honest, but watch out. I would definitely recommend this website for students because the global concept presented on this website would give the student a full and exciting view of free trade.

http://www.freetrade.org/

This was one of my favorite sites, as it was very up-to-date and very precise. More so, it was very into free trade and talked inclusively about free trade and its benefits (and negatives). But not only did it mention statistics but it also mentioned current news articles that one could read to get a glimpse of how free trade is currently affecting our lives. More so, it includes up-to-date news about free trade revisions and meetings that concern free trade. It seems to be slightly bias in favor of free trade, but it truly hard to grasp whether or not its bias because it is so well written. I would definitely recommend this website to students who are looking for an all-around good website that specifically studies free trade and includes world issues and news.

http://www.globalexchange.org/campaigns/

This was one of the most interesting, anti-free trade websites I have ever read. It was so anti-free trade and so well written it actually made the reader believe free trade is bad. The website not only stated clearly its reason for being against free trade, but it also stated the need to stop free trade and protect the people more than the companies. The website was clearly bias (clearly against free trade) and constantly provided links that were connected to organizations that were against free trade. Any student that needs a site that clearly outlines and states why free trade is bad should definitely look at this website, I truly recommend it for those people.

http://www.mac.doc.gov/nafta/hotnews.html

This website was generally an update of what was happening with NAFTA and other free trade agreements (cross-continental) and their effects on the world. It also includes documents and speeches by key trade officials from around their world, their perspective on free trade, and key issues that need to be solved. This website is home to NAFTA and therefore it could be slightly bias in favor of NAFTA and free trade, however it attempts at being neutral. Although I would recommend this website, there are some difficult terms to understand and weird wording that is most likely politically correct but could be difficult for students to understand. Nevertheless, it does give up-to-date, or as up-to-date as things can get concerning news about free trade and NAFTA.

http://www.citizen.org/trade/ftaa/

It is evident clearly by this websites main slogan that it is bias against free trade and believes free trade helps corporations and not the people (of the world). This website clearly defines what free trade is and how it is bad for countries, people, and international trade. Not only does it talk about and criticize free trade in general, but it goes into specific agreements such as NAFTA, FTAA, and CAFTA and deciphers the "true" meaning of these agreements: corporate profits. Though a non-profit organization, it is clear to the reader that the owner/creator of this website is bias against free trade, yet supplies factual and true information nevertheless. I would recommend this website beacause of the great detail it goes into to break down the agreements and find faults in free trade. This is a great website for all those people/students against free trade.

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Nanotechnology- good or bad? [13 Mar 2005|06:20pm]
aks551
Hey guys! After reading the articles on the effects of nanotechnology, I wonder how beneficial nanotechnology will be for our economy, as well as the free trade market. Although nanotechnology continues to be researched, some effects are still unknown. Could it potentially be a hazard to the environment? While it seems as though nanotechnology will create a more technologically advanced society, who will these new products benefit. We, as Americans, will be interested in buying the new and most hi-tech products, however, what about our trading partners. One of the ways American companies are dealing with the shift in clothing exports is by trying to improve their products through more modern technology. As China takes a larger share in the market, it deprives the developing countries of their production. As these developing countries try and trade with the developed nations they will find it hard to be able to purchase the hi-tech products we have resorted to selling. Thus, before implementing nanotechnology to a greater extent, we should probably balance the effects of this technology on our trade.
Additionally, regarding free trade, the shift from the production of clothing in developing countries to China will create issues with free trade. With the elimination of quotas, restricting China's level of production will be very hard. Having a few quotes, not many, but a few, will at least help the developing countries who are struggling so hard to pull themselves into the market.
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[10 Mar 2005|08:53am]

tommygunn87
http://www.nytimes.com/aponline/business/AP-Oil-Prices.html

Summary

Due to the recent sag in crude oil, people saw profits and investors gained more confidence in the market. The general consensus is that OPEC will keep the prices at the current level in order to keep production high, consumption high, and investors happy. Some believe that OPEC is losing its effectiveness and therefore believe the upcoming meeting will not be as important. However, others argue that OPEC is still very important as they regulate the prices of oil.

Opinion

I believe that this current drop of oil prices will continue to drop a little more and that investors will than gain more confidence in the market again. We need confidence in our market in order for us to grow and diverse. Therefore we need the oil prices to drop in order to reserve the current increase in economic growth. I hope that the country will regain at least some form that it had in the late 1990s as consumption was high and the economy was strong. But as logn as this cold front stays, oil consumption will be high and investors might not be as sure in the market.
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[10 Mar 2005|08:55am]
taylor4949
9:26 pm
http://www.freetrade.org/faqs/faqs.html

The official free trade site is obviously the most reliable source I came across. I found that the page contained a lot less then I though it would have. It didn’t have much background information on free trade or even a brief description on what free trade exactly was. There were really great aspects to this site as well. It has links throughout the site taking readers to fascinating video archives, press releases, key trade issues, and several more. The most useful section of the page was the “Frequently asked questions” aspect. This part really addressed significant and specific issues related to free trade. They answered questions and provided details which give readers a considerable amount of information about free trade, open markets, globalization, etc. This page would definitely be incredibly useful in our UP class.
(Comment on this)

9:25 pm
http://www.globalenvision.org/index.php?fuseaction=home.google

This webpage was another one of the better one that I found. The sponsoring organization is called Global Envision and their plan is to take the global free market and use it as a starting point to decrease poverty around the world. The site has various links to success stories, a “café” where visitors can post comments and discuses issues, articles related to global poverty and free trade, new letters, and basic informational pages as well. This is all within the Global Envision page. Reading some of the informational sites was so incredibly interesting because they had different views on global issues from people all over the globe. For example, I read a piece describing globalization and its affect of developing nations through a Kenyan’s perspective. That is something that really opens the student’s mind and shows how many different views there are on all kinds of issues. This kind of site really stimulates productive thinking, discussing and debating.
(Comment on this)

9:05 pm
http://www.foreignpolicy.com/story/files/story176.php

This page is sponsored by the Foreign Policy website, therefore it is considered to be a very reliable source. This particular page of the Foreign Policy site is written by one of the sponsor’s major writers. She takes controversial statements about free trade and either refutes them or agrees and supports them. Some of the topics she discusses are “Free Trade Increases Poverty in the Third World”, “Rich Countries Are More Protectionist Than Poor Ones”, “Economies That Are Open to Trade Grow Faster”, etc. Although the author writes through her eyes and opinions, she discusses free trade and global economy in depth and supports all of her information with reliable and reputable facts.
(Comment on this)

8:51 pm
http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/FreeTrade.asp

This particular site is one of the best sites I’ve found. The site is so helpful because it provides basic yet necessary information in a manageable form. The page contains quotes regarding free trade by famous authors and officials. The page not only has a basic description of what free trade is and how it is effecting international countries, but it has many links as well. These links take the reader to various sites on Neoliberalism, critiques of free trade, the WTO’s part in free trade, agreements that have been made regarding free trade and many other topics as well. This site is also really useful for our class specifically, because the page contains links to various global issues such as the War on Terror, foreign policies, NATO, conflicts in Africa, the military, human rights, global warming, etc.
(Comment on this)

8:50 pm
http://www.freetradeusa.org/fastaction/index.aspx?vndrno=14&adno=6

This site is not one that would be used as one of my main sources, but it does provide interesting facts. First, the site is defiantly biased because it is a “support free trade site”. This shouldn’t rule out its credibility; I found when researching that the basic facts, not opinions, that the page displays are correct and up-to-date. This particular site doesn’t have a great deal of information except for the column of facts displayed. Although the content is limited the page provides important statistics that are needed in presentations and papers. This site is also interesting to read because it’s important to get different views on the topic you’re researching. This site has good information and opinions on why free trade is positive and beneficial to all.
(Comment on this)
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[21 Mar 2005|08:51am]
weedbegonegtboy
Wednesday, February 16th, 2005
9:01 am is free trade only good for some?
If I was a regular American worker, building car engines in Ohio, I could care less about people in Mexico getting work and care more about making sure no one in another country is taking my job. It is the truth. The FTAA allows US corporations and businesses to move to countries where labor is cheaper and then not have to worry about tariffs or trade restrictions. This is exactly what is happening, US and Canadian business are moving to where labor is less expensive and they can make more of a profit, but this is making jobs disapear in Canada and the US. The average American person does not care if a person in Latin America now has a job. It sounds cold, but it is the truth. Free trade may be good for certain countries in the developing world, but all it is doing is eliminating jobs while making the rich richer.
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[10 Mar 2005|08:46am]

tommygunn87
http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/business/business-markets-europe-stocks.html

Summary

Stocks were down to oil prices, bonds yields, and a weak dollar, in which investors were shaky about investing in stocks and other trade. Not only were stocks down, but also companies. Although, all of this was happening in Europe and therefore the US should not worry, yet. The companies more affected were energy companies, such as E.O.N which is the main supplier in Europe. They were affected the most, especially after people found out the results. The main reason is that oil prices are killing business everywhere and that OPEC needs to start regulating their prices more. This is the main concern of many energy companies.

Opinion

Its true, even US stocks were down on Wednesday. More so, if we do not start regulating the oil prices we will see even a further plunge in stocks. We are attempting to recover from the recent job loss and economic recession and low stocks and bonds that yield will not help this country. Hopefully the cold front will leave and oil prices will drop, giving investors confidence in our stocks.
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[21 Mar 2005|07:42am]
weedbegonegtboy
http://www.opec.org/home/basket.aspx

This is a link to the OPEC site and the price per barrel of oil. It has graphs showing the yearly average for a barrel of oil. In a whole, the entire OPEC site is very useful, but it may very well be bias. The site may be contorting the facts to make OPEC look better and that is why you cannot entirely trust this site. There are still many useful resources throughout the site that give definitions and various facts about oil and the oil business. By clicking the link at the bottom of this page, you will find more information about crude oil along with links to more information about what OPEC is and does and information about petroleum and crude oil.

http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/Africa/Nigeria.asp

This is a site concerning Nigerian oil. There is a lot of information here concerning all aspects of Nigerian oil from OPEC to the current problems. Shell Oil is also mentioned here and is said to have worsened the problems in the Niger River Delta. What is interesting about this article is that as a class we did a simulation focusing on Nigerian oil and Shell Oil along with all the other parties involved. This is a very useful site if you are looking for information about Nigeria’s oil production and the many problems that they have there. There is also a lot of links that lead to much more helpful information. In a sense, this site is the roots of Nigerian oil and there are many branches with specifics that can also be found just by accessing this site.

. http://www.wtrg.com/prices.htm

This site, while long has a lot of very interesting and useful information. It is essentially a timeline of the price and oil. There are a lot of causes that lead to the price of oil. The site gives information on the refinery and the process of attaining oil. Some of the charts are very confusing but contain some interesting and useful information about oil. This site is easy to read and can be interesting, but it is very long and there is a lot of information that really is not needed.

http://www.neatideas.com/oil.htm

This article has figures and graphs showing what oil and petroleum products may cost in the near future. This is interesting because the price of oil is always fluctuating due to OPEC and the current production. Currently, the price of oil per barrel in the United States is about $53 dollars. OPEC can control how much oil is being exported from the OPEC nations, essentially controlling the price. Nigeria, an OPEC nation currently wants to lower the price of oil, but the world is still unsure what OPEC is going to do in the coming months.





http://www.daviesand.com/Perspectives/Forest_Products/Oil_Reserves/

This is a very interesting and useful site if you are interested in learning about oil along with theories like Hubbert’s Curve. There is also a lot of useful information concerning oil reserves in OPEC along with non OPEC countries. There is a chart showing the reserves and production of various countries including Saudi Arabia and UAE. This site mainly pertains to Hubbert’s bell curve and the results and theories produced by it. I would recommend this site to anyone that wants to look at the world’s oil reserves and get a view of what may happen as we use the world’s oil supply.

http://www.dfat.gov.au/trade/negotiations/us.html

This site is about a free trade agreement in the works, between the US and Australia. This site gives a brief background to this possible agreement along with some information. What is good about this site is that it has numerous links that contain much more information. There is a lot of information about free trade agreements along with the benefits. This site is one sided and bias because it is put out by the Australian government, which obviously wants free trade with the US, or else they would not be in talks to attain it.


I did the work for the OPEC site even though we cannot use it, so i just left it up. I just did a 6th article
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Free Trade [10 Mar 2005|08:28am]
chriszdog
http://www.usgtn.net/
The Global Trade and Technology Network. This is a reliable website about the organization and how much they have done for the global community. They have been up and running since 1994, and have completed over 4,000 trades between technology companies worldwide. It is run by IBL, International Business Linkages, which is a company that provides technological solutions to problems at the workplace. This is a great example of a place that is looking to incorporate all countries technology and help improve them. I recommend this site for information specific to the technological field of global trade.

http://www.usitc.gov/trade_remedy/731_ad_701_cvd/index.htm
The United States International Trade Commission. A link off of this site is about anti-dumping policies that are set forth in the United States. This investigates cases for dumping of products in the global market over a five-year period. During their investigations, if they feel that a United States company is dumping, they will put an import tax on the item to help increase healthy competition in the global market. They also do international investigations and take it up with the WTO if they see dumping occurring from other countries. This is a very reliable source for information, however it is slanted because it gives all of the good things that the United States does case specific to the global market, and not the negatives that they create.

http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/tna-nac/IYT/fedprovterr2004-en.asp
This site is about international commerce. It is a Canadian website that gives information about all free trade agreements made and in the works currently. It provides great links about the WTO and FTAA. This site also breaks down links about specific sectors of global trade and the amount each country contributes to the global market. This information is reliable and is well recommended for specific sectors of global trade as well as information about free trade agreements. All of the information is relevant and easy to navigate through.

http://www.sierraclub.org/trade/environment/
This is the Sierra Club website. It deals with information regarding Global Trade and it’s affect on the wildlife around the world. All of the global trade in the world encourages expansion, and because people and businesses use the land improperly, they continue to build out instead of up. This leads to more problems of habitat loss and more pollution because there are more companies in countries that used to harbor many forms of wildlife. The information is credible and relevant, and provides good statistics for information regarding the environment.
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Database [10 Mar 2005|08:37am]
nwagh
http://www.oxfam.org.uk/coolplanet/milkingit/information/the_issues/free_trade.htm

This website, coming from an organization whose mission is to conquer poverty (OXFAM), contains good reliable information. First, the website offers an explanation on what free trade is and then it addresses a serious problem with what free trade causes. The links are easily understandable and very easy to navigate through although some words can be confusing because it is a British site. This website would have been a good site to use for the affirmative part of our FTAA debate as it pointed out a problem with free trade and how developing nations could prevent it the bad side effect mentioned. I highly recommend this site to be used by anyone researching and or doing a project on free trade as it provides pictures in addition to the reliable information.

http://www.freetrade.org/faqs/faqs.html

The following website comes from the Center for Trade Policy Studies (CTPS) whose mission is to help people understand the benefits of free trade. This specific link goes to the frequently asked questions about free trade which are answered with sort but straight forward answers. The answers are quite reliable as they come from CTPS scholars. In addition to the answer, links to articles from www.freetrade.org are provided to answer further questions on the same topic. If you can’t find your question, you can always submit a question to the scholars who will respond by posting the question, with the answer, on the website. This site is great for students that have unanswered questions on free trade as well as providing information on the benefits of free trade.

http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/FreeTrade.asp

This website provides information on free trade as well as poverty. In addition to the elaborate information on free trade, WTO, this website provides quotes on global trade and criticism on free trade. The criticism points out certain negatives with free trade. Despite the elaborate information, at times it can get very confusing with complicating information which needs more in depth research on other websites. Overall, the information on the website is precise and would more useful to more advanced or experienced students. The links on the site are clear and understandable making navigation easy.

http://www.thirdworldtraveler.com/NAFTA_FTAA/NAFTA_FTAA.html

This website provides information from a Canadian point of view regarding NAFTA. All the information is in-depth and elaborates however one of the many sources cited comes from an anarchist site known as stopftaa.com. Obviously, the information is against NAFTA and FTAA but the author of the website cites all his work making the information reliable. The links are easily understandable and easy to navigate through. I highly recommend this site anyone researching on the negatives of free trade. However, some of the information may be unreliable as it comes from anarchist sites.

http://www.citizen.org/trade/

This final website comes from an organization known as Global Trade Watch which deals with globalizations and free trade. It provides easy to understand, reliable information for different free trade agreements such as NAFTA. When the easy accessible links to the free trade agreement is entered, it provides subsections on what aspects of a nation the free trade affects. In addition to that, it provides in-depth information on the free trade agreements and keeps up-to-date news articles and alerts. Overall, the site is very understandable, easy to go through, and therefore is perfect for anyone working on this subject. I would highly recommend this site for the use of discovering what free trade agreements will do to a country.
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Database 3 [10 Mar 2005|08:38am]
jillianleigh06
1. http://www.cbo.gov/showdoc.cfm?index=4458&sequence=0

This website discusses the pros and cons of free trade. Its sub-topics include The Recent Increased Emphasis on Free-Trade Agreements, The Benefits of Multilateral Trade Liberalization, and Reasons for and Against the Pursuit of Free-Trade Agreements. There is also one extensive table that explains US Trade in 2002 with Countries of Current and Proposed Free-Trade Agreements. The data seems reasonably current and reliable as it comes from a series of summaries from the Congressional Budget Office of 2003.

2. http://www.ciesin.org/TG/PI/TRADE/gatt.html

This website explains the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. I found this website to be particularly useful as we studied Free Trade in general but never this specific agreement. In addition to giving a brief summary of GATT, the website has articles I – XX of the contract as well as three other links to information on secondary issues discussed at the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations. The site is easy to read and contains relatively current information. Also, this website presents a bias that is pro reforming GATT due to environmental concerns.

3. http://www.citizen.org/trade/nafta/

This website gives an in depth explanation of NAFTA. Citizen.com is in opposition to the free trade agreement and also shares its opinions of the WTO, FTAA, CAFTA, and AGOA, all located along the side of the website. Opposite of these are links to various aspects of NAFTA such as NAFTA and Democracy, NAFTA and Environment, Health, and Safety, NAFTA and Worker’s Rights and Jobs, and NAFTA and Farmers and Agriculture. All information was last update on January 1, 2004 and is easy to read, but obviously biased. The site is run by a national non-profit organization called Public Citizen.

4. http://www.ustr.gov/Trade_Agreements/Regional/FTAA/Section_Index.html

This website is sponsored by the office of the US Trade Representative. It is divided into six main sections at the top of the page. These sections include Trade Agreements, World Regions, Trade & Development, Trade Sectors, WTO, and Who We Are. Having been organized by the USTR, the information is trustworthy and current. However, it is ha a pro-free trade bias. The website also has a search bar to make it easier to find various facts.
5. http://www.wola.org/economic/cafta.htm

This website, which was last updated on February 16, 2005, is sponsored by the Washington Office on Latin America. It focuses on the Central America Free Trade Agreement. The site presents both sides of the free trade argument, stating that CAFTA will boost Central American exports but will provide little benefit to the poor regions of involved countries. In addition to being easy to read, the site offers various Issue Briefs on CAFTA as well as numerous Perspectives on aspects such as Women, Human Rights, Equitable Trade, and What People are Saying.
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[10 Mar 2005|08:37am]

tommygunn87
copied from own journal:

http://www.nytimes.com/reuters/news/news-markets-oil.html

Summary:
Oil went sky high the other day, reaching just above $54 a barrel. This is due to the cold that the East Coast is still feeling, at least that's what scientists believe. Therefore, more consumption of oil...More so, though this is another high, it was not the high that was reached in the October when it hit slightly above $55 a barrel. Furthermore, Chinese investing in crude oil has put a scare into American investors of crude oil as China seeks oil in many countries to supply it increased demand for oil.

Opinion:
This would seem honest as the current cold front continues to hamper the east coast. As more and more people realize how cold it is, they consume more and more oil. Recent temperatures are so cold that we need more oil in order to heat our houses and other facilities. Hopefully this cold front will leave and hopefully crude oil prices will drop slightly. We could also find other means of getting our oil, such as from Canada in which they are offering to sell it for around $35 dollars a barrel (Forbes). Than again, that's if China doesn't get to them and make a major deal that will impede our ability to get oil from Canada.
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Database of websites [09 Mar 2005|10:56pm]
barnes19
Here is a collection of websites that are informative and deal with the topics we have been studying in class.

http://www.usitc.gov/

This website belongs to the United States International Trade Commission, which is a federal organization that provides information about different aspects of trade and monitors various areas of it. It has investigations on anti dumping as well as international safeguards and policies, while also containing a section for industry and economic analysis. The site also has a “Tariff Information Center” which contains information about them and their purposes pertaining to free trade. The site contains up to date U.S. import and export data, as well as an Electronic Data Information System. The site is updated often, as is evident by the numerous news releases already this month on the home page. It is easy to navigate and finding specific information is easy. It contains valuable information on trade policies and is useful for students.

http://www.iatp.org/

This site pertains to the Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy, or IATP. The IATP is an organization that analyzes how trade agreements and policies affect agriculture areas such as domestic farms. They promote human rights, the environment, health standards, and are in favor of using alternative fuels. They have many different reports and publications dealing with how trade affects agriculture in numerous ways. The website has set up programs in order to save the environment from destruction that could come from free trade agreements. The site is laid out very nicely and is easy to navigate. It contains publications about the aims of the organization and other articles about why there cause is important. This site is useful for anyone who wants to study the effect of free trade on the environment.

http://www.tradeobservatory.org/

This website entitled “The Trade Observatory” is a website with information and various areas of international trade. It has a well-designed layout with articles and news releases on the home page on different developments in trade policies and actions. It also has headlines that show up on the home page and change every few seconds. It has a lot of different publications about issues concerning the WTO and what is being done to address them. It is updated often with new articles about many different trade topics and is updated consistently. This site is useful for finding information about trade on a wide range of topics. It also has a section dealing with the environment, and many of its articles express how they feel about free trade and how if affects our surroundings.

http://www.citizen.org/trade/index.cfm

This site is concerned with a “global trade watch” and challenges corporate globalization in our world. The present different models for trade to work for all people and work in areas such as health, safety, economics, and justice. They have information about various different free trade agreements and contain valuable information on them. It tells about the pros and cons of the agreement and the current situation and development of it. It has an interesting picture on the homepage, which is a picture of the world and a boat in the ocean. On the boat it says “WTO: Shrink or Sink.” This clearly shows their distaste for globalization and state, “the world is not for sale.” This site is useful for students who want to see a different perspective on trade; one that is anti-globalization.

http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/FreeTrade.asp

This website has an array of information under the broad topic of global issues. In the free trade area, it contains information about globalization and the effects of it on our world. It contains many different sections on the WTO and there role in world trade. This is more of a reference site than the other ones, as it is not a site put out by a specific organization. Instead, it contains information about different topics of free trade and the effects it has on globalization of the world. This is a good site for a student to get a good background on certain trade policies and theories. The layout is simplistic, but again that is due to it being more of a reference site rather than one that has updated publications, etc.
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Here are my sites. [09 Mar 2005|09:43pm]
ashlee853
http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/FreeTrade.asp


This website discusses the many different problems that affect the world today. One of the issues it deals with in depth is free trade and its impact on the global economy. It breaks the subject of ‘free trade’ down into multiple categories, such as “Criticisms of Current Forms of Free Trade”, “The WTO and Free Trade”, and the most interesting one to me, “The Mainstream Media and Free Trade”. In this section, the controversial topic of free trade is depicted with negative criticism because of the . The author of the page, Anup Shah, feels that the media favors larger corporations and therefore is hiding the disadvantages of free trade. This site is very useful because it has a lot of comprehensive information on the different aspects of free trade. Although the site has not been updated since July 2002, almost all of the information is still applicable to the current issues.

http://www.freetrade.org/faqs/faqs.html

This site deals with globalization and free trade. The Center for Trade Policy Studies shows the most frequently asked questions regarding free trade and the world. These questions range from “does free trade lead to a “race to the bottom” in workers’ rights in less-developed countries?” to “does globalization give companies/countries an incentive to abuse the environment?” Each question is answered by scholars that are educated on the topic of free trade. In addition to an answer, related links are provided so that those who view the page can do further research. The site does seem a little biased, however, because each question asked undermines the efficiency of free trade. Still, the website is easy to navigate and is great for those who are interested in learning more about free trade.

http://www.citizen.org/trade/ftaa/

This site, sponsored by Public Citizen, a non-profit organization, is essentially against free trade agreements. The web page’s slogan reads as “Promoting democracy by challenging corporate globalization”. The organization is divided into six different divisions that are aimed fights for the rights of the people. In its category of Global Trade Watch, globalization is challenged claiming that free trade is not democratic. It goes into more detail by discussing the WTO, FTAA, NAFTA, and CAFTA. The site claims that the free trade organizations have in fact “functioned principally to pry open markets for the benefit of transnational corporations at the expense of national and local economies; workers, farmers, indigenous peoples, women and other social groups; health and safety; the environment; and animal welfare”. Mainly, the organization attacks the effectiveness and legitimacy of free trade and globalization. The site is extremely biased, but is useful for those who are looking for information against free trade.

http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/trade/

This website is filled with many different links to articles dealing with trade and globalization. It mainly is centered on the controversial issues that are plaguing those who criticize free trade; for instance, the gap between developed and developing countries, subsidies and tariffs, and the influence of the World Trade Organization on the global economy. This site is very informative and also provides information on the history of globalization and what it is. There are multiple links that are given so that one can research more about free trade. The various articles that are presented all are relevant to trade in countries throughout the world. I would recommend this site to those who are looking for articles and information concerning trade in different countries.

http://www.ncpa.org/pd/trade/trade.html

This site illustrates many different aspects of trade. It discusses topics like globalization, the divergence of the rich and the poor throughout the world, and the benefits or free trade. The site is sponsored by the National Center for Policy Analysis, a nonprofit organization established in 1983, and seems like a reputable website. There are multiple links on this page that lead to fact sheets, news articles, and ideas on trade. It is easy to navigate although there are many links on the different pages. I would recommend this website to those who need to a better understanding on the diverse features of trade.
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Database Website [09 Mar 2005|09:46pm]
aks551
Below are my database websites. They deal with both free trade and and global oil. Some of the ones on oil may be useful for the position paper.

http://www.mac.doc.gov/nafta/hotnews.html

This website discusses both NAFTA and the current FTAA negotiations and is supported by the International Trade Administration. Office of NAFTA and Inter-American Affairs is a very good website to find links for further research on either NAFTA or the FTAA. The website was created to compare both NAFTA and the FTAA. The site contains text of the NAFTA agreement, however, some of this information can be confusing and very complex. There are many different links within the site. You can find news on the negotiations of the FTAA or can learn about the Office of NAFTA and Inter-American Affairs by searching through the different links. The seems very relevant as many of its link take you to the International Trade Association website. It is very easy to use and contains clear links that allow surfing the site to be an easy process. I would recommend this site to anyone who needs specific speeches and reports written by trade associates and representatives like Mr. Zoellick. Also, if you need additional resources on free trade, this website has a link that directs you to additional sources.

http://www.uwec.edu/grossmzc/solberkr.html

This “Global Sources of Oil” website is a reliable and relevant site that gives information about the amount of oil produced throughout the world, and breaks down how much oil is produced in different regions of the world. This site is very good to use if you needs specific percentages or facts about a particular area of the world. For example, Southeast Asia, including Indonesia and Malaysia produce about 5% of the world’s oil. Also, Latin America has had serious environmental problems as a result of their oil production because waterways have been contaminated by oil spills. Venezuela, alone, provides the United States with 13% of our total oil imports. The site also contains maps and charts that allow you to see where oil reserves are throughout the world. If you click on one of the many links on the side of the page, there is one called “Oil Connections”. This link discusses the U.S.’s interest in oil in Iraq, and why some people consider our war with Iraq to be a war over oil. This site was produced by the University of Wisconsin, however, it provides reliable information on oil throughout the world. I would recommend that everyone at least takes a look at the maps and graphs on this site.

http://www.pcusa.org/trade/ftaa.htm

This website provides information on both the FTAA and NAFTA. It talks about what the FTAA and NAFTA are, and gives articles that support and oppose NAFTA and the FTAA. There are many links to information on the WTO and CAFTA (Central American Free Trade Agreement) as well. This website seems reliable, however it is posted by a Presbyterian Church that is against NAFTA and other free trade agreements. Therefore, while some of the facts presented are concurrent with that on a government website, it is important to make note that this website may be somewhat biased. The Church, in its homepage, states its position on the FTAA and NAFTA and I would advise anyone visiting this site to read their argument first before searching the site. If you need information opposing free trade, the Church would be a good example of an organization against it. The Presbyterian Church (USA) does not appear to be a radical group, however, some information may be biased. Still, I would recommend viewing this site just to see an opposing view of free trade, regardless of whether you use factual information from the site.

http://henningcenter.berkeley.edu/gateway/ftaa.html


This site also discusses free trade, focusing on NAFTA and the FTAA. This website is posted by the John F. Henning Center for International Labor Relations. Although the center is a reliable and legitimate source, it has a biased view towards NAFTA and FTAA. The center, as well as many other labor organizations and unions, feel that job loss, as a result of these free trade agreements, is too high. Therefore, when reading this site, you must be careful because the information will lead you to believe that free trade is dangerous and/or worthless for our economy. Also, there are other links on the site, however, they deal more with different labor projects, than with the FTAA. If you click the link above, you will be directed to a page that focuses on free trade. The other areas of the site, however, may not be useful in finding views and opinions on free trade. If you were to look at other areas of the site, however, navigation is easy and the links on the site are not complicated to find.

http://www.dpmc.gov.au/publications/energy_future/contents.htm

This website is an Australian government based website that talks about Australia’s energy plans for the future. The site is very big, and is a branch off of the Australian government website. Therefore, it can get a little confusing when browsing through the site. When you click on the link above, you will be brought to a table of contents page. There are many different links to choose from, but a few good ones are Australia’s Energy Sector, Solar Cities – A Vision of the Future, and Energy Efficiency. These links go into great depth about Australia’s plan for energy efficiency. Ideally, Australia would like to see a drastic change to solar technologies as a means of energy in the near future. This site is very good if you need information on how countries are trying to reduce their oil consumption and begin to introduce new alternative fuels. The site seems very reliable, as it is a government website, and the information is very reputable. It does, however, go into a lot of depth and can get very confusing to understand. Regardless, I would definitely recommend looking at the site if you need information on alternative fuels and energies.
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[09 Mar 2005|06:32pm]
barnes19
test
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[20 Mar 2005|07:24pm]
weedbegonegtboy
http://www.opec.org/home/basket.aspx

This is a link to the OPEC site and the price per barrel of oil. It has graphs showing the yearly average for a barrel of oil. In a whole, the entire OPEC site is very useful, but it may very well be bias. The site may be contorting the facts to make OPEC look better and that is why you cannot entirely trust this site. There are still many useful resources throughout the site that give definitions and various facts about oil and the oil business. By clicking the link at the bottom of this page, you will find more information about crude oil along with links to more information about what OPEC is and does and information about petroleum and crude oil.

http://www.globalissues.org/Geopolitics/Africa/Nigeria.asp

This is a site concerning Nigerian oil. There is a lot of information here concerning all aspects of Nigerian oil from OPEC to the current problems. Shell Oil is also mentioned here and is said to have worsened the problems in the Niger River Delta. What is interesting about this article is that as a class we did a simulation focusing on Nigerian oil and Shell Oil along with all the other parties involved. This is a very useful site if you are looking for information about Nigeria’s oil production and the many problems that they have there. There is also a lot of links that lead to much more helpful information. In a sense, this site is the roots of Nigerian oil and there are many branches with specifics that can also be found just by accessing this site.

. http://www.wtrg.com/prices.htm

This site, while long has a lot of very interesting and useful information. It is essentially a timeline of the price and oil. There are a lot of causes that lead to the price of oil. The site gives information on the refinery and the process of attaining oil. Some of the charts are very confusing but contain some interesting and useful information about oil. This site is easy to read and can be interesting, but it is very long and there is a lot of information that really is not needed.

http://www.neatideas.com/oil.htm

This article has figures and graphs showing what oil and petroleum products may cost in the near future. This is interesting because the price of oil is always fluctuating due to OPEC and the current production. Currently, the price of oil per barrel in the United States is about $53 dollars. OPEC can control how much oil is being exported from the OPEC nations, essentially controlling the price. Nigeria, an OPEC nation currently wants to lower the price of oil, but the world is still unsure what OPEC is going to do in the coming months.





http://www.daviesand.com/Perspectives/Forest_Products/Oil_Reserves/

This is a very interesting and useful site if you are interested in learning about oil along with theories like Hubbert’s Curve. There is also a lot of useful information concerning oil reserves in OPEC along with non OPEC countries. There is a chart showing the reserves and production of various countries including Saudi Arabia and UAE. This site mainly pertains to Hubbert’s bell curve and the results and theories produced by it. I would recommend this site to anyone that wants to look at the world’s oil reserves and get a view of what may happen as we use the world’s oil supply.

http://www.dfat.gov.au/trade/negotiations/us.html

This site is about a free trade agreement in the works, between the US and Australia. This site gives a brief background to this possible agreement along with some information. What is good about this site is that it has numerous links that contain much more information. There is a lot of information about free trade agreements along with the benefits. This site is one sided and bias because it is put out by the Australian government, which obviously wants free trade with the US, or else they would not be in talks to attain it.

I know the OPEC site cannot be used, but I did the work, so i just left it up. I just did a 6th article.
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Free Trade vs. Fair Trade [09 Mar 2005|07:02pm]

gimpymoose14
[ mood | morose ]

"I never thought that I could ever love a man so much...Thats right baby I'm going crazy, I need to be your lady" - Going Crazy

There is a debate between two types of trade, free trade and fair trade, which is discussed on http://www.aworldconnected.org/article.php/560.html. Both sides can find common ground in that they would like to see more trade between countries, but how the trade is implemented is the critical issue. Fair trade believes that trade should specifically target the lower class, and find out ways to help them. In their opinion, if total free trade were to occur, the poverty level of countries would only worsen. Free trade, on the other hand, holds a completely opposite view. Targeting a specific group would be unnecessary to global trade because free trade would alleviate poverty in the first place.

Fair trade is somewhat a difficult term to define by even economists. Here is a direct quote from the website explaining fair trade, "Advocates of free trade sometimes oppose fair trade on the belief that the concept is incoherent. Suppose that an initial “fair” price for a company to pay workers could be agreed upon. But would the price (or wage) be fairer if it was higher? If it was lower? If higher, workers capturing the jobs at that wage would live better. If lower, more workers could benefit from being paid that lower wage. What conditions of fairness underlie the idea of a “fair” price?" This vague definition creates an odd situation as to how fair trade can be implemented. Basically, fair trade proponents see Third World countries getting the shorter end of the stick because free trade creates jobs that pay meager wages that are nowhere near sustainable living levels.

Apart from this one web page, there are several other links on the right hand side that discuss free trade and fair trade.

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Women and Global Trade/ Poverty and Global Trade [09 Mar 2005|05:45pm]

gimpymoose14
[ mood | indifferent ]

"Are you telling me this is a sign? She's looking in my eyes, now I see no other guys. Are you telling me this is a sign?"- Signs


The following link discusses a person's views on how poverty can be reduced by global trade. http://www.womensedge.org/pages/referencematerials/reference_material.jsp?id=162 The author believes that global trade can be helpful, but has to be restrained to a certain extent. She proposes 10 conditions that should be implemented with global trade that would work directly towards the end of poverty. One of the most important issues is how the agriculture sector will be affected by free trade. Agriculture jobs are often filled by people with basic skills. If countries send agriculture jobs to other areas, then there will immediately be a group of people in poverty. Another point that is made is with free trade, a government will lose profit due to no tariffs being in place. Often what happens is that budget cuts are made in social programs, which affect the poor. In many countries, tariffs account for 10%-20% of its national budget revenue, therefore countries have to look at an alternative as to where to cut costs.

At the end of this webpage, there are links to reference material about the FTAA and its impact on women. One of the complaints is that the free trade agreement does not specifically target women, who especially in Mexico are in poverty in large numbers (yea I know I used "in" three times in six words).

P.S. On a side note there is a very interesting article in TIME magazine on a proposed way to end poverty.

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Here are my sites, there are some good ones, I hope everyone likes them [09 Mar 2005|04:59pm]
mikeydabull
[ mood | happy ]

http://www.usgtn.net/
This site is dedicated to helping companies and developing countries interact wit the global market. The institution tries to find ways for trading to grow and develop between different countries so that the global trade market can expand. There are articles within the site that are current and are up to date with trading and investments going on within the global market. The way that everything is set up is very simple and easy to see where information can be attained. The headlines move up and down on the site so that all the main article titles can be seen by the viewer and under the bold titles is a one-sentence description of the article so that a reader will be able to see if they are interested in the article. The colors and decoration are very appealing, while everything is well organized and can be used to learn more about the global market and international business.



http://www.citizen.org/trade/index.cfm
This site is a global trade watch where every globalization issue is looked at and described. The main aspect of the website is the descriptions of the World Trade Organization and all of the trade agreements made through out our recent history. Clear and easily accessed is the middle of the page is a globe with links to the descriptions of the agreements like NAFTA and the FTAA that we studied in class as well as CAFTA and AGOA that are all possible trade agreements that can be signed by countries. Even though the site is easy to use it is very biased and does not describe a clear view of these agreements because the site is against all of them. It would be wrong to listen to everything the site would have to say because of the biased opinion. I would not recommend this as a reliable source for accurate information but it would be a good site to look at if negatives of the agreements were to be studied like when we were researching for our debate.



http://www.hg.org/trade.html
This site is a global trade site and consists of numerous links to different trade agreements and treaties made through out the world and between different countries. There is a section of links to just treaties and there is a full description of each treaty or agreement when a viewer clicks on the link. Detailed information includes who is involved in the agreement, the amount of money available for trading and business as well as what organizations were formed from the agreement and what the purpose of it is. Another section of links includes world organizations and the links take a viewer right to the official sites of the organization so that a detailed description of purpose and uses can be described. I would recommend this site if anyone is looking for global organizations and their official websites. It is well organized and may not have as much decoration as other websites but is very useful.



http://www.tradeport.org/tutorial/
This website is dedicated to making it easier for companies or individuals to learn how to export or import. Descriptions of why certain products sell better in other regions and how to assess your product to see where it would sell best is included in a link that is on the main page. The site is clearly for anyone that wants to learn about the procedures of trading that would involve either importing or exporting. These procedures are described on links on the front page and explain how certain licenses need to be obtained to be able to take part in exporting or importing. The site is simple but clear and I would recommend it to anyone that wants to learn more about the global trade procedures. It would not be a good site to learn about global market growth because it just explains how exporting and importing takes place, not how it grows and develops.



http://www.imf.org/external/np/exr/ib/2001/110801.htm
This site is a section of the IMF website that explains the importance of global trade and how it is a catalyst for growth in all countries. The links bring viewers to a description of what international trade has done for the world and countries and why liberalizing international trade is a positive for the world. It explains how all successful countries have had connections with their outside world and have had to trade and grow with other countries to increase their own economy. The IMF is a firm believe in lowering tariffs so that all countries can participate in global trade because it is obvious that this trade helps individual countries grow n prosper. I would recommend this site for anyone looking for the positives of global trade and anyone wondering why it is so helpful to countries.

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